Conflict in Israel and Palestine: Crash Course World History 223

Conflict in Israel and Palestine: Crash Course World History 223


Hi, I’m John Green, this is Crash Course World
History, and today, we’re going to talk about Israel and Palestine, hopefully, without a
flame war. John from the past: Yeah, yeah big ask, Mr.
Green, I mean, that fight goes back thousands and thousands of years. John: Except, thousands of years ago… there
wasn’t an Islam yet, so, yeah, no. Also, let me submit that very little of this conflict
between Israel and Palestine over the last several decades has been about, like, theological
differences between Islam and Judaism. No one’s arguing about whether the most important
prophets descended from Abraham’s son Isaac, or his son Ishmael, right? It’s not about
whether to fast during Yom Kippur or Ramadan. It’s about land. Portraying the conflict as
eternal or as religious makes it feel intractable in a way that frankly, it isn’t. So instead,
let’s begin as most historians do in the late 19th century. And instead of talking about
religion, let’s follow the lead of historians like James Gelvin and discuss competing nationalisms. [Intro] Ok, so in the late 19th century, the Ottoman
Empire ruled over what we now know as Palestine. The population there, according to Ottoman
records from 1878, was 87% Muslim, 10% Christian and 3% Jewish. Everybody spoke Arabic as the
daily language, and in Jerusalem the religious populations were roughly equal. To give you
a sense of life in Ottoman Palestine, an Arab Orthodox Christian musician named Wasif Jawhariyyeh
grew up in Jerusalem in the first decade of the 20th century learning the Quran in school
and celebrating both Passover and Eid with his Jewish and Muslim neighbours. Ottoman
Palestine was, in short, a place in which people of different religious faiths lived
peacefully together. Alright, let’s go to the Thought Bubble. The
late 19th century was the Golden Age of nationalism in Europe, and no place was crazier than the
Hapsburg Austro-Hungarian Empire in which at least 10 different nations all wanted their
own state. And in that hyper-nationalistic empire lived a Jewish journalist named Theodor
Herzl who had hoped that Jews could assimilate into European nations but soon became convinced
that the Jewish people needed to leave Europe and settle in their own state. The concept
of Jewish nationalism came to be known as Zionism. It’s important to keep in mind that most Zionists
were secular Jews, so they imagined Israel as a state for Jews more than a Jewish state.
In 1917, the British government, hoping to gain the support of Jewish people, issued
the Balfour Declaration, promising, quote, “The establishment in Palestine of a national
home for the Jewish people,” a bold promise considering that Palestine was still technically
Ottoman, as they hadn’t yet lost World War One. Of course, they would soon, but it turned
out that the British were overpromisers when it came to Palestine, because a year before
the Balfour Declaration, the British had secretly promised the French that they would divide
up the Arab territories and the Brits would keep Palestine. Furthermore, in 1915, other
British officials had promised the ruler of Mecca, Sharif Hussein, that he would rule
over an Arab state including Palestine if he led an Arab revolt against Ottoman rule,
which Hussein promptly did, so basically the Brits had promised Palestine to the Meccans,
to themselves, and to the Zionists. What could go wrong? Thanks, Thought Bubble. So shortly after the
end of the war, the British established a colony in Palestine with the idea that they’d
rule until the Palestinians were ready to govern themselves, at which point the people
living in Palestine were like, “Well, now seems good,” and the British were like, “Yeah,
but maybe not just yet.” Meanwhile, the British established separate
institutions for Christians, Jews, and Muslims, making it difficult for Palestinian Christians
and Muslims to cooperate and easier for the British to, quote, “divide and rule” the inhabitants
of Palestine. Again, what could go wrong? Meanwhile, the British did attempt to honor
the Balfour Declaration’s promise to, quote, “facilitate Jewish immigration under suitable
conditions.” Between 1920 and 1939, the Jewish population of Palestine increased by over
320,000 people. In fact, by 1938, Jews were just under 30%
of the population of Palestine. And the growing Jewish population focused on purchasing land
from absentee non-Palestinian Arab landowners and then evicting Palestinian farmers who
were living and working there. By controlling both the land and the labor,
they hoped to establish a more secure community within Palestine, but of course, these practices
heightened tensions between Jewish people and Arab Palestinians between the 1920s and
the 1930s. Along the way, Palestinian Arabs began to think of themselves as the Palestinian
nation, and that growing sense of nationalism erupted in 1936, when the Palestinians revolted
against the British. With the help of Jewish militias, the British
brutally suppressed the Palestinian revolt, but in the aftermath, the British issued a
white paper, limiting Jewish immigration to Palestine, and calling for the establishment
of a joint Arab and Jewish state in Palestine within ten years. This managed to leave no one happy. The Zionists
were angry at Britain for limiting Jewish immigration at a time when Jews particularly
needed to leave Europe, and the Arab Palestinians were unhappy about the prospect of waiting
ten years for a state. And then came World War II, which was actually
quite a peaceful time in Palestine. But then it ended, and tensions resumed, and the British
realized that colonies like Palestine were far more trouble than they were wroth, so
they handed the issue of Palestine over to the newly created United Nations. They were
like, “Oh hey there, United Nations! For your first problem…” So in November of 1947, the United Nations
voted to partition Palestine into separate Palestinian and Jewish states. The Partition
Plan called for two states roughly equal in size, but the borders looked like a jigsaw
puzzle. I mean, you do not look at this map and think, “Yeah, that’s gonna work!” Sure enough, it didn’t, and soon after the
plan was announced, the cleverly named 1948 Arab-Israeli War broke out, with Israel on
the one side and the Palestinians and many Arab states on the other. The Israelis won,
and when an armistice was signed in 1949, Israel occupied a third more land than they
would have had under the UN proposal. Meanwhile, Jordan controlled and later annexed the West
Bank and the old city of Jerusalem, and Egypt controlled the Gaza strip. Over 700,000 Palestinians fled their homes
and became refugees in the surrounding Arab countries. To Israelis, this was was the beginning
of their nation; to the Palestinians, it was the nakba, the catastrophe, as they became
stateless. Over the next 18 years, nothing changed territorially,
and then, in 1967, Israel and several Arab states went to war again. It was called the
Six-Days War because — get this — it lasted six days. Israel won, and then gained control
over the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Golan Heights. So the 1947
proposal looked like this; by 1967, things looked like this. Then the UN passed Resolution 242 – man, they
are good at naming resolutions! – which outlined a basic framework for achieving peace, including
Israel withdrawing from the territory acquired in the war, and all participants recognizing
the rights of both a Palestinian and an Israeli state to exist. This of course did not happen. After the war, the broader Israeli-Arab conflict
morphed into a more specific Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and this is a nice moment to note
that not all Muslims are Arabs, not all Arabs are Palestinians, and not all Palestinians
are Muslims. Like, there’s a significant Christian minority of Palestinians, for instance. Palestinian
is a word used to describe the ethnic identity of those who have historically lived in Palestine. There were, for instance, lots of Christians
in the Palestinian Liberation Organization, or PLO, formed in 1964 and led by Yasser Arafat.
The PLO oversaw guerrilla groups that attacked civilians, but also used nonviolent approaches
to try to achieve a Palestinian state, and meanwhile, the Israeli government began to
establish Jewish settlements in what had been Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem,
the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. There are now over 350,000 Jewish settlers
in the West Bank, and over 200,000 in East Jerusalem, and these settlements are illegal,
according to international law, but Israel counters by saying that they aren’t really
illegal because Palestine isn’t really a state. By the late 1980s, Palestinians launched the
first intifada, which literally means “shaking off.” And this began with, like, boycotts
of Israeli products and services and refusing to pay Israeli taxes, but when the Israeli
armed forces cracked down on protesters, violence ensued. And the first intifada also saw the
founding of Hamas, which launched the first suicide bombing against Israel in 1993. Hamas
gained support partly because of its militancy, but mostly because of its social welfare projects
in Gaza. It built and staffed schools, mosques, and clinics. The most important legacy of the First Intifada
was the emergence of peace talks between Palestinians and Israelis. This led to the Oslo Accords,
and the peace process, based on our old friend, United Nations Security Council Resolution
242. But there were a lot of issues to resolve – I mean, putting aside the question of, like,
how to make two states that don’t look like a jigsaw puzzle, there was the question of
the Jewish settlement, and the right for Palestinian refugees and their descendants to return to
Palestine. Water rights, which are a big deal in that part of the world, and so on. It’s
very complicated! So then came the Clinton talks. Oh, it’s time
for the Open Letter! But first, let’s see what’s inside of the
globe. Oh, look! It’s a collection of philandering American presidents. An Open Letter to Bill
Clinton: Hey, Bill, so your talks probably came closer
than any other time in recent history to an actual peace deal between the Israelis and
the Palestinians. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak was willing to give up more land currently
claimed by Israel than at any other time in the past; even Yasser Arafat was surprised. Although not all the questions got addressed,
you were definitely closing in on something. But in the end, it didn’t happen, and since
then, not to criticize you, things have gotten kind of worse and worse and worse. Worst of
all, that was your big legacy moment. Now all you’ve got is the conflict in Northern
Ireland getting resolved while you were president. In short, it could have been amazing, but
instead it was kind of… neeeeh. Kind of like your presidency, actually! At least you
always have those vodkas-soaked hugs with Boris Yeltsin to look back on. Best Wishes,
John Green. So the Clinton talks failed; Ehud Barak’s
government was undermined, and then, in September of 2000, Prime Minister candidate Ariel Sharon
led a group of 1,000 armed guards to the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. To Muslims,
this is known as the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and it’s the third-holiest site in Islam, behind only
the Kaaba in Mecca and the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina. And it’s the holiest site in Judaism,
so in short, it’s a pretty touchy place to march to with a thousand armed guards. So the events sparked a massive protest, which
eventually led to the much more violent Second Intifada, in which more than three thousand
Palestinians and one thousand Israelis were eventually killed. In 2002, the Israelis,
claiming to act in defense of civilians, began construction of a wall around the West Bank,
but instead of following the borders established after the 1967 War, the barrier was built
to include many Israeli settlements on the Israeli side. To Israelis, that was about
self-defense; to Palestinians, it was an illegal land grab. Then, in 2005, Yasser Arafat died, and in
an election shortly thereafter, Hamas won a majority of the parliamentary seats. Since
then, Hamas and the Palestinian Authority have sort of divided how to govern Palestine,
and it’s also sort of been poorly governed. In the past ten years, Hamas has frequently
launched rocket attacks into Israel; Israel has responded with extended and extremely
violent invasions of Palestinian territory that have seen thousands of Palestinians killed,
many of them militants, but also many not. Both parties claim to be responding to the
provocations of the other, but much of the conflict reflects the consistent failure on
all sides to understand the legitimacy of the other’s narrative. To Palestine, the Palestinian
people have been denied a state not just since the formation of Israel, but also for decades
before that, and now they live under what amounts to a military occupation. And that’s
all true. To Israel, the Jewish people clearly need
a homeland, which the United Nations established. And they certainly aren’t the first nation-state
to consolidate and increase their territory via military victory. And they need to protect
their nation against the many active threats made against them by their neighbors. That’s
also true! It’s important to understand the internal
logic of these competing nationalist visions. For both Zionists and Palestinian national
visions to eventually work, it’s necessary to understand the right of each to exist and
the legitimacy of each’s historical narrative. But these problems aren’t thousands of years
old, and they aren’t intractable. They emerged in the British Mandatory Period. But let’s
hope that by understanding this isn’t an endless religious war, that we might be closer to
seeing its end. Thanks for watching. I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is filmed here in the Chad and
Stacy Emigholz studio in Indianapolis, and it’s made possible by our subscribers on Subbable,
so thanks to you all. By the way, if you want to learn more about Israel and Palestine,
our friends at Thought Café have made a series of videos; you can also find a link to them
in the video info below. Thanks again to all our Subbable subscribers; thanks to the educators
who share these videos with their students and to the students who share them with their
teachers. As we say in my hometown, don’t forget to be awesome.

100 thoughts on “Conflict in Israel and Palestine: Crash Course World History 223”

  1. 1. Please update, this post is 4 years old.
    2. Awesome job with a very difficult subject.
    3. ✌🏾👍🏾❤️🌈

  2. In 628 CE. Mohammad and his army signed a truce called the "Treaty of Hudaybiyya" a 10 year peace treaty with the local idolitrous population of Mecca. After two years in 630 CE, Muhammad broke the treaty, slaughtering the local population if they refused to convert to his new religion of Islam ("Islam" means submission). In the 1973, Yassar Araft negotiated the Paris Peace Accord with Israel, but Muslims ariound the world were outraged. He calmed their anger when he said "Remember the Treaty of Hudaybiyya" which meant he had no intention of keeping the peace. Any peace with the Palastinians will be broken becasue all they really want is for Israel to submit to Islam.

  3. Jews stole land they haven’t lived in for 1900 years and then used their media power to make the Palestinians look like murderers.

  4. Lots of comments on here about the British divide and rule policies throughout their empire. Before the British came along the world was peaceful and harmonious, with people or different religious and ethnic groups living in peace and prosperity. Bull poop, get bloody real ! They dragged South Africa ( together with the Boers) into the modern world, united India and laid down the infrastructure for the USA. Most of it done for their own aims but they were absolutely no worse than any other imperial power and better than many. Read about the Assyrian empire, the Mongols, or the Germans in WW2 etc et etc.
    And once again, get bloody real !

  5. To try to stay in the middle is not a good idea! Israel has not ligitmacy in the first place to be in the Middle East & take over Palestine. Poor episode!

  6. CrashCourse delivers the most equally critical/supportive perspective of the Palestinian/Israeli conflict that I have ever heard. Unbiased. Who could have thought that was possible?

  7. Jews get out of Palestine! Your forced occupation by the UK and USA after WW2 is not wanted. You have not been wanted since before the beginning of biblical time. It's world history. Romans, Egyptians, Germans….Why?!?!

  8. muslims and jew were living together peacefully
    until the bloody europians came and destroyed every thing
    after they kill each other , they must go to a peacefull place and bring the conflicts with them

  9. I am astounded at the complete distortion of your so called "history". You blatantly mislead the viewer with false statements, a twisting of the truth and historical facts. Is this on purpose or just ignorance of the truth??? Viewers, research for yourselves. Learn the TRUTH!!!

  10. There is no right to return for the Palestinians, that had left their homes to make room for the Arab attacks: no one is talking about right to return for the 1Mio Jews that were pushed out of the Arab states!

  11. I mean, if you look at the bigger picture this conflict does go back thousands of years… You can easily argue that this was started by the roman empire when they suppressed the Jewish revolutions of 65-135 C.E. And they expelled all Jewish by the Roman province of Judea, and renamed it Syria Palestina…

  12. The Palestinians' goal is not to establish their own country. Rather, their goal is to destroy the Jewish country. Therefore two states will end this conflict.

  13. Hi John, as you might've heard, India just took a crucial decision related to Kashmir. Kashmir, over the years, has been a point of contention between India and Pakistan. I was really grateful for your video on the Palestine-Israel issue as it helped us mere mortals understand the issue. Would it be possible for you to do a video on the Kashmir issue?

  14. Actually….  During the end of the second Jewish Revolt (AD 132-135) against the Romans, Cesar Adrian attempted to end the existence of Israel and the Jewish population.  He leveled the city of Israel and named the land after the Jewish ancient enemies, the Philistines. From that moment on, this region was known as Syria Phinistenia, or Palestine.

  15. The European jew asknati has no connection to ancient Israelites or semetic people..they dna is different to rest of humanity asknati are more prone to desiese.they are khazar in origin converted to jewdasm in 9century and came to western country's when Russia invaded khazar empire because they were so evil and vile ppl who could not live with other ppl just like today in Palestine they are killing baby's and kids who have stones against a fully functional military that has nukes and air force the Israeli asknati people are more or related to gog and magog.thsy empire was in the Caspian sea they accepted jewdasm for political gains threw the Torah away and followed talmud and Zionism came to Europe opened banks interest homosexuality porn and subdued western civilisation threw slavery banking and ultimate aim to destroy Christianity..today the West is a atheist godless civilisation and israels wild dog..the Israeli ppl are more advanced intelligent and powerfull then any other ppl on earth.they are gog and magog

  16. It was the jews who funded capitalism and communism and invented both..they assassinated Frank Ferdinand and blamed Germany just like 911 and blame Arabs.tgey are very manipulated and cunning ppl.rothchilds and Rockefeller funded the nati and Stalin.they were responsible for ww1 and 2 and will be responsible for ww3.they want America and it's wild dog Europe to attack Iran so Russia China and Muslim country's get involved and world war breaks out.thw jews will be neautral in this war they will not support the West but rather everyone kills each other and when West Russia Muslim country's are weak demoralised then and then only Israel will attack and become the ruling illegitimate state in the world take over from pax Americans and dollar just like they did during ww2 destroyed the ottoman from within humiliated the British French and Germans and made America the global power through banks federal reserve Hollywood music pornography racism slavery and divide and rule..please note it was the jews who made the first homosexual film in world.through these entitys they have destroyed western world with in 50 years.theodor herzel founder if Zionism and protocols of elders of zion in his book he writes how the gentiles will take over the West and humiliate it without going to war.music porn Hollywood federal reserve cia fbi European union are all they tools..russian police in collaboration with Italian police uncovered Jewish khazar mafia so evil that they would kidnap Roman Catholic baby girls as young as 2 and would make porn movies where they kill and have sex with baby girls and murder them on tv making movies and giving it to rich Zionists..rhis is no lie check it out if you don't believe me.

  17. Im Palestinian hello there and i think that if britian did nothing we would be living in peace i 100% agree that palestine is for all religions and should be peaceful as you have mentioned pre Israel. i would be happy to have jewish people come and settle in but the fact that the land the first settlers had were technically stolen is just a bad thing. i honestly blame the un for the start and blame israel for today.

  18. Me:WHY THE HELL ARE THE ISREALIS AND PALESTININIANS STILL HAVE WAR

    Also me: looks over to the british

    British:Oh I dont know why there is war, who ever fault this is should be punished.

  19. Re: Palestinians. ooooohhhh the mighty muslim hasn’t come yet. To go for the statement: “Muslims kill more Muslims, Than All ya’ll. It’s so Allah and what can I say” -Ali Constantin

  20. So obviously you on the Palestinian side did not say so much about Israel you did not say that Israel offered 5 times peace agreements to the Arabs and Israel would bring them back the territories and they told him and let's start by trying to destroy the Jewish state and if the Jews were losers they would not Jews today almost in the world and something else Israel is not guilty of the nation's decision to make a Jewish state there and in addition it was British controlled simply there were Arabs who lived there all this is not some state and it is not nothing there are so many Arab states and only one Jewish state in addition This is where you try to portray Israel as a monster that strongly attacks Gaza And terrible which it is not before any bomb we do we inform people around and tell them to move from the area should not hurt you not told that every day they go wild Alhgbol

  21. what is intractable is that the Jews deserve that land and the arab world persecuted jews and christians and are enemies of the west . Any other attitude is treasonous to your own people at shame on you. The arabs need to find a place for the palestinians. Why this is not a majority attitude is because people like you are just contrary. You are very bad. Why7 do people support muslims They are terrible they are violent they are anti west what is your problem people. There is no hope for peace with them until they change. People like you endanger all of us with your antiamercian attitude thinking it makes you cool.

  22. Nothing about 1920 and 1929 pogroms in Hebron.

    Nothing about how 700,000 jews were thrown out of muslim countries in 1948, but talks multiple times about the poor arabs that were "thrown out of their homes" (they were not, the arabs were ordered to leave by neighboring countries so when the invading arab armies in 1948 could slaughter every person they met without asking if he is jewish or not)

    Nothing about the white papers and how the british refused to give jewish refugees from Europe a place to stay.

    Nothing about who are the arabs (yes arabs, not "palestinians" which is a fabricated term for invaders from Arabia that have 0 history and no connection to Judea and Samaria whatsoever)

    Nothing about Yasser Arafat the EGYPTIAN (not "palestinian")

    I smell the bias from a mile away, did Qutar or UAE helped fund this video? That would explain why he lies and hide so much information about this conflict that is CRITICAL for drawing a conclusion.

  23. The more I study topics that crash course covers, the more I realize that they intentionally gloss over facts in order to create a narrative that is often contrary to reality. I feel like watching these videos will leave you less informed than when you started. You will go from knowing very little to knowing half truths.

  24. So here’s what I got from this:

    Israel: wins wars and expands territory

    Arabs: hey, give that back

    Israel: why? You attacked us and we won. Make peace with us and we’ll give it back

    Arabs: Uh no, we’re just gonna keep attacking until you give it back

    (Decades later)

    Israel: Alright fine, we’ll give it back if you stop attacking

    Arabs: Cool! Wait, now there’s a ton of Israelis in Palestine

    Israel: Well yeah, it was our territory for a while

    Arabs: Well get them out

    Israel: No that’s ridiculous. You should’ve agreed to our peace proposition all those years ago

  25. The fact that it's the British fault, was established decades ago!!!
    That's what they did ( do ) !!!
    I call them the small country síndrome !! Portugal,Spain,France,Netherland and England , All colonised and destroyed much bigger countries around the world!! Take over land that doesn't belong to them, causing mayhem and devastation wherever they went unfortunately!!!!

  26. The narrator reminds me a lot of the guy who narrates the SciShow videos. Is it the same individual?

  27. "For limiting Jewish immigration when Jews particularly needed to leave Europe" is an understatement. The Jews were victims of a genocide, they were being singled out and brutally murdered in europe. Saying they particularly needed to leave doesn't do justice

  28. If Palestinians have to leave and Israel has the right to the land than Americans should leave America and give it back to the native Indians.

  29. As a deist Arab i really do wish for a one secular state where both israelies and palestinians can live in peace next to each other…

  30. It's not about jews and muslims,
    Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) neighbour was Jewish they lived home next to another peacefully,
    But it's about the Israelis invading other's country and Britain giving a land they don't own to someone else and also israel is forcing Palestinians to leave their homes.

  31. come, kill , settle and still have the mouth and arrogance to argue lmao
    theodor you suck shame on you
    let us all agree that the ARAB CALIPHATE IS BETTER THAN UN AND ALL OTHER GOVERNMENTS.

  32. You keep saying "Palestine" and the map says "Palestine". Mind explaining to the people of the world, who might run into conclusions, what "Palestine" actually means and how was the name rooted in?
    It might shed some light.

  33. QUOTES FROM THE COMMUNISTS
    “Some call it Marxism – I call it Judaism.”
    Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, in the American Bulletin of May 15, 1935
    “The revolution in Russia is a Jewish revolution”
    The Maccabean (New York), Nov. 1905, p, 250
    “Jewry is the mother of Marxism.”
    Le Droit de Vivre, May 12, 1936
    “Judaism is Marxism, communism”
    Harry Waton, A Program for the Jews and an Answer to All Anti-Semites (New York: Committee for the Preservation of the Jews, 1939), p. 64
    “The communist soul is the soul of Judaism.”
    Harry Waton, A Program for the Jews and an Answer to All Anti-Semites (New York: Committee for the Preservation of the Jews, 1939), p. 143
    “We Jews cannot be called upon to denounce Communism.”
    The American Hebrew (New York), February 3, 1939, p. 11
    “The picture which the Soviet Union presents today is one that should bring rejoicing to world Jewry.”
    The Youngstown Jewish Times, Sept. 18, 1936, page 51
    “It would be absurd to deny the intensity of the Jewish participation in the Russian revolutionary movement.”
    Leon Dennen, in The Menorah Journal (New York) July-September 1932, p. 106
    “That achievement – the Russian-Jewish revolution – destined to figure in history as the overshadowing result of World War, was largely the outcome of Jewish thinking, of Jewish discontent, of Jewish effort to reconstruct.”
    The American Hebrew, September 10, 1920
    “The Bolshevik Government of Russia is the key-stone of the arch of the proof of the Jewish conspiracy for radicalism and world-domination.”
    William Hard, The Great Jewish Conspiracy (New York: American Jewish Book Company, 1920), p. 31
    “The Jewish elements provide the driving forces for communism”
    Dr. Oscar Levy, in George Pitt-Rivers, The World Significance of the Russian Revolution (Oxford, 1920), p. ix
    “The Jews [have been] furnishing for the Bolsheviks the majority of their leaders”
    The Jewish World (London), April 16, 1919, p. 11
    “Russian Jews have taken a prominent part in the Bolshevist movement”
    The American Hebrew (New York), November 18, 1927, p. 20
    “Jewry has come to wield a considerable power in the Communist Party.”
    Dr. Avrahm Yarmolinsky, in The Menorah Journal (New York), July 1928, p. 37
    “The East-Side Jew [Trotsky] that Conquered Europe”
    The liberator (New York), March 1920, pp. 26-27
    “The real East Sider [New York Jew Trotsky] is at the head of things in Russia.”
    M. L. Larkin, in The Public (New York), November 23, 1918, p. 1433
    “It is not an accident that Judaism gave birth to Marxism, and it is not an accident that the Jews readily took up Marxism; all this is in perfect accord with the progress of Judaism and the Jews.”
    Harry Waton, A Program for the Jews and an Answer to All Anti-Semites (New York: Committee for the Preservation of the Jews, 1939), p. 148
    “Karl Marx, who came from an old family of rabbis and brilliant Talmudic scholars, was to point the path of victory for the proletariat.”
    L. Rennap, Anti-Semitism and the Jewish Question (London, 1942), p. 31
    “Among his [Karl Marx’s] ancestors were Rabbis and Talmudists, men of learning and keen intellect.”
    Henry Wickham Steed, in The American Hebrew (New York), December 9, 1927, p. 206
    “The peculiarly Jewish logic of his [Karl Marx’s] mind”
    Henry Wickham Steed, in The American Hebrew (New York), December 9, 1927, p. 206
    “Mr. Wickham Steed lays the rise of Bolshevism at the doors of Jewry.”
    The Jewish Guardian (London), November 28, 1924, p. 4
    “The Bolshevik Revolution has emancipated the Jews as individuals”
    Dr. Avrahm Yarmolinsky, in The Menorah Journal (New York), July 1928, p. 33
    “There are many Bolshevik leaders of Jewish extraction”
    D. L. Sandelsan, in The Jewish Chronicle (London), February 20, 1920, p. 22

  34. Didn't the ottomans kick out the Jews first from their land ? And the left over ottomans (Palestinian s) took over . Then vice verser in the 1900s. This problem has being going on for 1000s of years .

  35. So again, British were the ones who caused real trouble.Perhaps there was or there is no end to their ever-growing greed.

  36. The truth is,

    Our Lord and Lord of all human beings sent many apostles to earth and in every civilization comes a messenger prophesying people the way of truth and the way that is directed to heaven and escape from hell.

    And every messenger has a miracle.

    During the reign of Moses, sorcery and magic spread, and the Lord gave Moses more powerful miracles than magic

    And it is a stick that throws it, and it shall be a snake by the command of the Lord, and shall overcome all magic

    During the reign of Jesus, medicine spread and the Lord gave a miracle to Jesus and gave him the ability to revive the dead and anoint on the blind and see.

    And every time there comes from corrupting religion and governing without the rule of our Lord and change in the law of the Lord, or abound intellectual misguidance and abound lusts and others and then

     Spoil religion. Then our Lord sends a messenger renewing the religion that spoiled

    During the reign of Muhammad, rhetoric, eloquence, poetry and Arabic literature abounded.

     Ignorance in religion and disobedience of the Lord increased in people.

    The Lord sent the eloquent Koran by Jibril to Muhammad, the clearest book on earth that guides people to the last religion.

    Did you know that his message is compatible with what is happening now

    I will give you what Muhammad said 1400 years ago (إن من أعلام الساعة وأشراطها أن يكتفي الرجال بالرجال والنساء بالنساء .)
    This means that one of the signs of Judgment Day is that it becomes males with males and females with females "homosexuality"
    Read the Koran
    Try and you will not regret and discover new

  37. if Israel wanted peace they would have stopped with the illegal settlements and the oppression of the Palestinian people. Israel no more wants peace than the North Korean leadership wants democracy.

  38. You left out a lot of key parts and brushed over LOTS of history… you don’t even mention that HAMAS IS A TERRORIST ORGANIZATION… they did a lot for Palestinian society?! Like fire rockets from schools and hospitals and brainwash their children? Wtf guy.. you’re the problem.

  39. If zionists are seculars, why do they care about Judaism?
    I mean why don't both nations live together in one secular state? No Islamic state nor jew state.

  40. you forgot to mention 1973 war, the peace declaration between Israel and Egypt and that 20% of Israelis are Arab, but they don't have the same right of jew citizens, however, they live better than all the Arab countries.

  41. This is a great video its fair and shows the real history behind the war and shows how Israel has become a country by just killing people and starting wars with everyone who tried to stop them…actually now i have a better vision of the whole situation as i didnt know the exact details behind the history…Free Palestine 🇵🇸

  42. would love to see a pro-Israel version of this, since this is clearly leaning Palestinian. Just sayin'; the few attempts to make this difficult and complicated topic seem objective are pretty weak and the bias seeps through.

  43. This conveniently brushed over the numerous attempts at an amicable two state solution, which was agreed to by the Israelis and denied by the Palistinians. A 2 state solution has been proposed multiple times, with the Palistinians being against it every time. They don't want to co-exist. They want Israel to cease to be.

  44. Most of this is ok but Palestinians fled not stayed in 6 days war they lost their homes in war. Not fight 6day war hmm.

  45. You can't even keep the tally of people who lost their lives due to british stupidity and uncompetebilty. Israel-Palestine India-Pakistan China-HK and many more.

  46. At the beginning of the video, he says "What is now called Palestine." For the sake of intellectual honesty, there is currently no recognized state called Palestine.

  47. How weird it's almost as if Israel is literally only defending itself from attack then every complains because they win alot.

  48. Ok, so, maybe I misunderstood.
    I get that it’s Britain’s fault.
    But wtf? I’m also getting a feeling that Israel has been pushing little by little its boundaries? I do not see the fairness in that part.

  49. want to be better if they just created an equal State between Jews and Muslims and try to create some integration and peace that would probably be the best ending for everyone

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