Gabor Kiss – A Holistic Approach To Open Source Ecology – The ENVIENTA & Qetema Projects

Gabor Kiss – A Holistic Approach To Open Source Ecology – The ENVIENTA & Qetema Projects


Welcome to the afternoon session.
The first speaker of the session is Gabor Kiss and he will talk to us
about the open source ecology. My name is Gabor or Gabriel and
I was invited to talk about our ongoing projects here. I’m representing almost
50 people from our teams. Visionaries, futurists, inventors, engineers,
architects, gardeners, IT and social media experts, enthusiastic volunteers. We
have more than 2,000 registered members in our online communities and actually millions
out there – if I’m correct – with the same thinking. We confronted with the facts: the
end of social safety and infinite growth, huge inequality, the collapse of
the market economy, political and immigrant crisis and above all: the climate
change. I think we all know these issues here. But for now we become more
conscious about the situation to make some changes and we have an ability to
work out a new paradigm of living, a different way of growth if you will. We
are not alone in this. Few weeks ago the U.N. presented the
Sustainable Development Goals. The SDG’s aim to build a better planet from
eradicating hunger to preserve the ecosystem. While these goals are great, many
people are very skeptical about the realization. These issues can’t be solved
on global or national level of governance alone, especially in a market
economy. Why? Governments can create comprehensive laws for our benefits but
that’s not enough without wide understanding the world’s complexity. The
problems are connected but locally different. And affluent special interests have too
much power in politics and the public has too little. As a Gallup survey shows this year, the
government is the number one U.S. problem before the economy and
unemployment. Then let’s take market economy. It’s
inherently unsustainable. In recent decades the volume reached the peak levels of our
planet’s ecosystem. The lack of the feedbacks became obvious. It could ensure
the reproducing of the finite natural resources on the long run to work. The
standard capitalist theory is virtually silent on the close relationship between
economic activity and sustainability. But there’s a new way of thinking, that has
brought together previously distinct fields: chemistry, biology, engineering,
architecture, urban planning, IT, social science and now it’s challenging the
standard economic theory. It is defining Earth as a complex, symbiotic system.
There are three pillars in order of importance from this higher perspective:
the environment, the society and the economy. Our responsibility is to detect if we
reversed these dependencies. Today the economic interest stand in front of the
society. The environment is only an externality. In a sustainable world we
have to adjust the social conditions to the environment, just like economic
policies which able to serve the needs of the society. Based on the trend
analysis we can say that if we want to save our civilization, then we must gradually
return to a harmonic, stable, science-based, inherently sustainable socioeconomic
model. This like all the previous economic revolutions can emerge only as a
grassroots initiative with a prominent role of informing people and shaping the
values. Now let’s take a look at the ENVIENTA project. It’s not a
radical new invention but an obvious solution for many issues. Sometimes a
bigger impact can be achieved by simply connecting the dots. It’s especially true
if it meets basic human necessities. ENVIENTA is a fast growing, sustainable,
cost-effective, non-profit, decentralized, and holistic socioeconomic model. If it’s
too abstract we simplified it to understand by anyone. We figured out a
new lifestyle, focusing on households. A laterally scaled socioeconomic model
begins at the tiniest piece of our society: the individuals and the families. To make our
model time and cost effective we bring domestic developments under one
roof. In modern times especially in large cities to get food and water, energy,
household objects, furniture and so on… in a reliable form subject a lot of
conditions. ENVIENTA was born as a Do It Yourself, community-based solution package for the
21st century which provides share of know-how, resources, products, food and
water for the members. And as an open source model, it offers business plans to
anyone for free as well as full transparency. Why open source? You can ask. If
anyone can participate in development, our community can easily grow,
technological breakthroughs appears way faster into our daily life instead of
patent-protected R&D environments. There were lots of pioneers on this road, of
course. We have to mention the first Open Source Ecology project by Marcin
Jakubowski, the Arduino platform by Massimo Banzi, the open-source
software movements back in the 80’s and later the Creative Commons by Lawrence Lessig, the list goes on. In an open source model members give their own resources, creativity and experience to the commons, which is a way of self expression. No one owns the project or the
output. It’s free for anyone to use. This kind of social production is based on
cooperation and mutual help. We asked ourselves: what if we are calling people
from different fields of life, working together to open source almost
everything in a household? With a holistic approach it’s obvious to have few key
areas merged into the system. Let’s see few examples. The housing problem. Growing number of
people with job and income can’t afford appropriate housing. In other cases we’re just
looking for new inventions. Either way ENVIENTA provides cheap and well designed
living for individuals or families. Collaborative architects make it simple
to customize the blueprints that we can share for free. We look very excited to
the evolution of contour crafting as the future of home constructing. We establish
common interfaces and API’s in a smart home space that is still fragmented. We need easy to
use, web based, cross-platform interfaces for any device to serve our needs of ease,
security and energy efficiency. Our partners are collaborating with ENVIENTA
through open source division of products and services. Renewable technologies right now tend to
go open source. Good examples of it are the printable wind turbines and few
solar flower projects we engage. It may be a good time to go solar or wind to
reduce your consumption. My company is supplying the project with a
nanotech product called AkkuFresh that raises the charging ability of the
Lithium-Ion batteries and maintains an optimal battery life. Today we can spend less on food with
home-grown vegetables and the same time we can reduce the amount of soil and
water usage. A smart hydro- and aeroponic garden monitors and tracks the
environment. A mobile app give your plants voice, make care recommendations and send
you reminders. I designed a 3D printed aeroponic system, just like our
partners. They are developing high-efficiency, intelligent, modular, indoor
gardens. New 3D printers are capable of printing in different
shapes and sizes and provide a tremendous benefit to interior designers and individuals to
furnish their homes. There are millions of free available 3D models on the web
and a growing number of printable products. Our goal is to make them
available for homeowners, help to customize with open source softwares and printers.
Huge economic, environmental, health and security benefits are expected from the
coming sensor age. Big data useful insights, as we know. We have cooperation with
startups which developing open-source health diagnostic devices for everyone.
We have connections to universities in Europe involving them into water and air pollution measurements in urban and rural areas, using open-source electronics. The project is also focusing on open source hardware that may be useful in robotics
applications and research. There are three directions of household robotics:
entertainment, home appliances and education. The robots will not move around the
house tomorrow but they are getting better and smarter every year. We can
start small and build step-by-step. My company in South Korea plays a very
active role in the field of nanotechnology with household
applications from clothing, cosmetics to even surface coating. The open-source
paradigm can both accelerate the innovation and public investment into the field. In this way the full potential of
nanotechnology will drive the next Industrial Revolution where matter can
be manipulated as easily as software today. Growing like cells, connected to each other,
sharing experiences, new communities can be included in our system, which can
provide for energy to each other, can do barters, can try individual systems of
financial settlements, even in large distances in different countries. We need
a distributed database for financial transactions, similar to Bitcoin to
enable private blockchains with managed permissions. On our new website we will share the planning process with version tracking. Searchable building
techniques, collaborating experts, constructors, 3D printer hubs according
to your location, all of these with calculating the cost of your investments
will be available on mobile to propose the list of available solutions in your
region. It can be also a project organizer for groups. The open source model has
certain legal risks. An idea may be later taken, patented and sold for profit.
As part of our purpose we grant a non-exclusive license in
all parts of this intellectual property. We do this through the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 ShareAlike License. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must
distribute your contributions under the same license as the original. Let me tell you, right after we published our ideas, the ENVIENTA project immediately grabbed the imagination of people, including companies. Some of them has a
clear view about the Third Industrial Revolution but only few of them know how
to engage to make a reliable profit. We think there is enough room to expand
business interests in the new era, especially with an exponential thinking
but let me quote from Jeremy Rifkin: The Internet of Things is already boosting
productivity to the point where the marginal cost of producing goods and services is nearly zero, making them nearly free.
As a result, the corporate profits are drying up, the property
rights are weakening and an economy based on scarcity is slowly giving way
to an economy of abundance. Our collaborating partners recognized it
and adapt their business model to these changes. Will there be an independent self-regulation
above states in our organized production-based communities? Perhaps,
since we are developing liquid democracy softwares for these communities. Some
issues can not be solved with autonomous self-interest but with deep
collaboration in networked commons, playing an ever-greater role,
complemented by government and market forces. Gandhi envisioned an ideal
economy 70 years ago based on self-sustainable villages, producing tools
and foods. The real revolution comes when things we produce and the villages
connect to the communication, energy and logistics Internet, which makes every
village a mini IoT infrastructure that connect communities across regions…
and when that happens, the economic paradigm changes.
And that’s the goal of the ENVIENTA project. ENVIENTA now is a registered, non-profit association in
Spain on Canary Islands. As we are heading to a new economic paradigm based
on abundance, that’s the right business model or legal form, we think. Our project
centers’ vision to create commons-based peer-production distinguish ENVIENTA
from regular companies. It requires less finance and more social capital and the
principles of commons management. We are also in cooperation with local
governments and residents. In our case we have an agreement with the owner of the
land to share resources like water, food, tools, products and know-how with each other.
Just like energy we produce from renewables. The use of our electric car charging
station is also free for anyone in the surroundings. It’s also a next generation sharing
economy model. The manufactory where we produce almost everything we need is extended with a design studio, a 3D printing hub, a chemical lab
and of course an education center with local and online trainings, MOOCS trainings. We are planning to operate the project centers as tech startup incubators for local or global initiatives. The financing can done be through EU tenders,
donations, private investments or crowdfunding campaigns of course. In this case of
micro-investments we can offer a one week course to engage in the process of
self-sufficient gardening, 3D printing, smart home design and many more. For investors, collaborating partners and
visitors arriving on our courses the accommodation is granted at our guest
house section. So it can be an eco-holiday for you, or for your friends,
or for your partners. As you seen the slides before, you probably think that the ENVIENTA project could be a forerunner of something even much bigger thing. Right. As we created the open source ecology project it seemed obvious to apply the same solutions on a
bit larger scale by calculating a suitable population of sustainability and
democratic control in a given area. Building up project centers like ENVIENTA in a
relatively short timeframe can help in modeling, developing well usable
solutions for cities. In addition to a lot of advantages now ENVIENTA became
the open-source division of Qetema Smart City project. The concept of the Internet of Things to
increase efficiency and productivity, suddenly begin to make sense in a city
that is smart in its environment, people, mobility, economy, governance and
ultimately living. Hundreds of new cities are expected to be
constructed by 2050 to house about three billion of the world’s populations. By displaying a high
quality of life based on sustainability we believe that the existence of
Qetema can set a strong example that impacts the sustainable
development of future cities. Qetema.org is where we gather to decide
and discuss about almost every aspect to this city’s infrastructure in society,
before we start the building process. At this stage our goal is to reach 50,000
registered users prior to the platform launch. Financing is the same like ENVIENTA.
Crowdfunding or contributions from wealthy individuals, who
wish to see major sustainable changes in the system. Also governments can support
Qetema with respecting our desire for alternative governance and economy. The forecast shows that billions of people expected to move into cities in the next decades. In the current conditions it would be a huge
disaster to the Earth, but the existence of small, decentralized hubs like ENVIENTA and
smart cities like Qetema growing from it, can prove that large-scale cooperation
and hard work can create places where everyone is valued and the environment is protected. Thank you very much. Thank you Gabor.

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