Scientists Just Witnessed the Birth of Two Stars in Stunning Detail

Scientists Just Witnessed the Birth of Two Stars in Stunning Detail

Ladies and gentleman, a star is born! Or rather, two stars. This transfixing image features two circumstellar disks in which baby stars are growing, taking in material from their surrounding disk. This is the first time ever that we’ve witnessed the complex birth of binary stars in such vivid detail. Stars are one of the most fundamental building blocks of space, but the specific conditions under which they assemble remain elusive. Which is why scientists are hoping that these new observations will shine a light on their mysterious origins. So, here’s what we do know about how stars form. And no, it doesn’t involve finding an amazing agent or scoring a spot on a hit TV show after years of dead-end auditions. A star’s life begins inside a densely packed cloud of interstellar gas and dust. These clouds are made up of various elements—mostly helium and hydrogen—and are extremely cold. This causes their resident atoms to huddle together in clumps, which buckle under their own weight once they reach a certain density. This collapse leads to fragmented clumps of matter, which now, broken free from the cloud core, are able to take shape into a star. Young stars are very impressionable and experience pressure coming at them from all different directions. Gravitational pressure gets the star’s core hot enough for fusion reactions to begin, while the star’s hot, unpredictable interior results in a huge outflow of energy that helps to keep it from imploding. When the forces that push and pull on the star are in balance, it becomes a stable adult. Very relatable. While stars mostly form in the same way, they take on all different kinds of identities, from white dwarfs to blue giants. Most stars are classified by their luminosities and colors, which can shift throughout their life as they grow and age Stars are also defined by their social status. Our star, the Sun, is the sole provider of Earth’s light and entertainment, but most stars roll with a crew, belonging to systems where two or more stars are gravitationally bound to one another. While there’s some debate as to why this is, a recent statistical model suggests that all stars initially form as binaries, then drift apart over a million years. Even our dear Sun is thought to have a long-lost twin out there somewhere in the galaxy. Developing equipment powerful enough to capture detailed views of distant stars also remains a challenge. Stars typically evolve over millennia, so observing them in real time isn’t very compatible with our relatively short lives. What we know about star formation has been pieced together using data from instruments like radio telescopes, gamma-ray telescopes, and space-based telescopes like Hubble. But our knowledge of the early lives of stars remains limited, which is why this new observation is so exciting. Located roughly 700 light-years away in the Ophiuchus constellation, within a pipe shaped dust lane called the Pipe Nebula, lies the binary [BHB2007] 11. Astronomers had already seen a rough outline of the two protostars and their surrounding structures, but this image offers an unprecedented look into the detailed network of gas and dust filaments circling them. By leveraging the seeing power of the ALMA radio telescope, an international team of researchers were able to observe two circumstellar disks in the binary system, and a massive surrounding disk totaling about 80 Jupiter masses. Most strikingly, the new data revealed that the developing stars shed their mass from the bigger disk, or the circumbinary disk, in a two-level process. The first part happens when mass is transferred from the shared disk to the individual circumstellar disks in swirling loops, which is what these new images show. Researchers also found that the smaller but brighter circumstellar disk— the one in the lower part of the image—accretes more material. In the second stage, the two stars accrete mass as a single unit. Since these feeding filaments connect the stars to their birth disk, this new knowledge provides important constraints for existing models of how stars form. While this two-level accretion process is suspected to be the driver of binary systems, the researchers admit that more data will be needed to build a more stable star formation model. But if this breakthrough is any indication, the future of high-tech stargazing is very bright! Are there other stellar discoveries that you’d like to see us cover? Let us know down in the comments below. Don’t forget to subscribe to Seeker, and thanks for watching!

100 thoughts on “Scientists Just Witnessed the Birth of Two Stars in Stunning Detail”

  1. So she mentioned a distance in light years. That is the time in light years when this event was happened in past and now we just witnessed.

  2. Tabby’s Star is always a safe bet for views. Has anything new happened with that? Any recontextualiztion based on similar observations elsewhere in the universe?

  3. Looked like two twisting Birkland Currents compressing and sorting elemental plasmas to me.
    I see no accretion disks. I see two magnetically shaped cones pointing at each other.
    But, the animations are pretty, not labeled, and dogmatically misleading.
    "Gravitational collapse" is not how stars are formed. Gravitational collapse of gasses is pretty much impossible and dust ions repel dust ions electrostatically.

  4. Now we're going to have to put even the stars on birth control. Otherwise their fetuses are going to have to find space to live on ALMA's Chajnantor plateau. And their fetuses are going to have to be on oxygen tanks so they don't get hypoxia: . But I think it's dumb that they named the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) after the Book of Alam in the Book of Mormon. I don't even understand how the satellite array has anything to do with Alam, other than Mormons birthing more kids than they can support. Because the satellite array in New Mexico is called a "Very Large Array." I guess the Alma array is a kilometer shorter, so it doesn't get to be called "Very Large."

  5. Is it like every body of mass/matter have gravity so the bigger ones pull the smaller ones towards them overpowering their gravity then the bigger clump pulls the smaller clump to be more bigger and on and on is this the way stars are formed?.

  6. If they can zoom in and view stars millions of light years away, witness 2 black holes colliding, and watch the birth of a twin star system…then why can we not see, in great detail, the asteroids and moons of our own solar system.
    Their answer to me was it is only 2 by 2 pixles across when viewed by the hubble.

    W T F ?

  7. Scientists is a very broad category with so many sub categories. Why not say Astronomers or sth in the astronomy part of science

  8. hmm just looked out in sky and didnt see it? well at least in 2022 we have the destruction of 2 stars which will be visible possible to naked eye in the constelation of cygnus.

  9. Why several minutes to explain stars? Don't you think most people who watches something like this already knows what you're saying? I almost quit watching, but notice that at 2:40 you actually started talking about the actual topic, so I'll continue watching.

  10. It’s crazy to think that, depending on how far away these stars are, these stars could have been born around the time of the Dinosaurs

  11. The human lifespan doesn't need to be short. Allegedly, Aubrey de Grey's SENS Research Foundation is already working on a cure for mankind's most deadly disease: Aging. It's actually possible that the first human who will live to a thousand is alive today.

  12. As we go into the DEEPfake era. I’m a little more skeptical about anything/everything in regards to outer space. It’s fascinating but idk anymore.

  13. Why never just one point that turns to a star. How and why is it towner multiple points collapsing to form stars , odd indeed. Makes for more questions then answers

  14. Please stop mixing artistic impressions / animations with real data / images.
    At least clearly mark the the first kind as such.

  15. That suspiciously is rendered in the exact color pallet as the black hole we "discovered"… Sorry, i'm not buying it.. I can make that pic on my laptop… Gravity is the weakest force, so how does it overcome gas pressure.. A gas always retreats to an area of equal or less density and here on Earth to contain gas we need pressurized cans or other containment to contain gas.. According to scientists gravity is the weakest force and can't overcome gas pressure.. Somebody has some explaining to do…

  16. 2:12 –2:15 "Even our dear SUN is thought to have a long lost twin out there somewhere around the galaxy."

    Jupiter: NO YOU

  17. 0:55 Incorrect, the cold gasses clumped together because of their charges (positive attracts negative) but their charges were affected by the low energy conditions.

  18. you don't no nothing, i am sorry but That's the truth, you're just repeating what you were told.
    Scientists take the speed of light as constant even though they have no proof.
    Scientists play make believe?

  19. Data and artists' renderings are not proof of baby stars growing.
    It is nothing more than interpreted data and artists' renderings.

  20. 'This is what we do know…' Not true. No one knows how stars are formed and no one has seen stars form.
    If she was honest she would have said, 'This is what we (materialists) believe…'
    She is parroting what she was told and nothing more.

  21. Lots and lots of retarded creationists and flat earth scum in the comments section who think they know more then vastly educated experts and reality based evidence. Lol humanity is fucked we're getting dumber by the day and proud of it too. We live in a post truth feelings over facts based socity now. And at this rate we're truly headed for idiocracy.

  22. I’d give just about anything to see Anton Petrov star as a guest speaker for an episode. Brilliant minds need to be seen more often

  23. Dear lady, please change your spectacles – your looking like a old lady – change the frame to a nice one. Look appealable. Be young look young. No ill feeling- please take it as a friendly way. God bless you.

  24. They don't have a clue what they are looking at, Also it's impossible for stars to form the way you described, they also have never witnessed a new Stars birth, they have only witnessed an Area of space where dust that has partially cleared and started to reveal stars behind the dust or gas that had started to clear in that area, it annoys me when they talk in absolute terms as if they know exactly what's going on, what they are doing is making up Fairytales.

  25. So when black hole collapse onto itself they give two Suns. Critical mass star vectors. Two fusion power and one fission power. Two multipliers and one divisor. That's why cosmos are never ending churners.

  26. All this theoretical jargon, based off artwork and CGI cartoons. Cool story. We can see stars form and blow etc. Yet the sky above us hasn't changed since we started documenting it over thousands of years ago…. 🤔🤔

  27. How the hell you get all that from the 1 actual picture that you showed for less than 5 seconds is beyond me. 99% cgi, 1% blurry photo. 100% bullsh

  28. Where are your commas, periods and paragraphs? The Lady has really large lungs and I got lost after the first sentence?

  29. We'll name one Lady Gaga, and another is Bradley Cooper. Very Relatable, being 'young' with so much modern pressure to desire better.

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