WORLD AT HIGH RISK- The Amazon rain forest FIRE.

WORLD AT HIGH RISK- The Amazon rain forest FIRE.

On August 19’2019 a seemingly normal afternoon in the city of Sao Paulo in Brazil turned into a nightmarish scene. The city was suddenly engulfed by darkness. This was due to the smoke arising from the ravaging fires of the Amazon basin. Earlier Brazil declared that about 72843 fires have been detected by Brazil’s Space Research Center INPE. It marks an increase of 83 percent from the previous year. Why is this so significantly important that it is spoken worldwide? The Amazon rain forest was formed about 56 million years ago. It is considered as the “Lungs of the earth.” In the absence of the Amazon rainforest, about 150 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide would enter our atmosphere. This is about five times of what we emit annually worldwide. The mass of green cover absorbs a crucial amount of carbon dioxide and acts as a Carbon sink. So, Amazon rain forest is working as the world’s largest defenses against climatic change. This change in the atmosphere would also affect the oceans and seas. The sudden increase in carbon dioxide concentration would convert into more dissolved carbon dioxide in the oceans. This makes the oceans more acidic. This would affect the whole marine life. The added carbon dioxide in the atmosphere would likely cause dramatic changes in the climate worldwide which causes global warming. The Amazon is also the home for more than 10 percent of the world’s known species which means one tenth of every species has the Amazon as its habitat. It has the greatest collection of life on Earth. 40,000 plant species. 2.5 to 3 million insects. 2,000 bird species. 400 mammals and 400 amphibian species. 378 reptile species and about 100,000 invertebrate species are found in the Amazon rain forest alone. The smoke from the ravaging fires of the Amazon rain forest has reached all the way up to 2,500 miles away to the SaoPaulo. The sky is blanketed by smoke and ash. The European Union’s satellite program ‘Copernicus’ released a map recently showing smoke from fires spreading from Brazil to the East Atlantic coast. The smoke is being able to be seen from the space. With the massive loss of vegetation the amount of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere will increase as there will be less plants to absorb carbon dioxide for photosynthesis. With carbon dioxide being one of the main greenhouse gases, This will lead to a spike in global warming along with irreversible changes to the Earth’s climate. So, what is the reason behind the ravaging fires? Although rain forests are wet. the months of July and August witnesses the onset of a dry season. The dry season creates the favorable conditions for the spread of fire. But still starting the ravaging fire would be the work of humans either deliberately or accidentally. Unfortunately, we are at an alarming risk of running out of these vegetation. We can’t predict the future. We can’t change the past either. So, the basic step each and every one of us can take is to stop pollution in every way we could. This ecological disaster is yet another remainder that we are living in the midst of climatic crises with time running out.

4 thoughts on “WORLD AT HIGH RISK- The Amazon rain forest FIRE.”

  1. I really worry for Amazon.
    I take the stand, we will work together for a bright future. I will also share and make people aware. Hopefully, it will get better soon.

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